1. right away 立刻,马上(= at once = in no time)
    2. asleep 睡着的;熟睡地(fall asleep 入睡)
    sleep 睡;睡眠
    sleepy 犯困的
    3. it seems that/as if… 看来好像…;似乎
    4. in ruins 成为废墟
    5. the number of …的数量(做主语时,谓语动词用单数)
    a number of 大量(做主语时,谓语动词用复数)
    6. rescue workers 营救人员
    come to one’s rescue 营救某人
    7. be trapped 被困
    8. how long 多长时间
    how often 多久一次,指频率
    how soon 还要多久(用于将来时当中,用in+时间段回答)
    9. hundreds of thousands of 成千上万的
    10. dig out 挖出
    11. shake----泛指“动摇,震动”,常指左右、上下动摇,也可以指人“震惊,颤抖”
    例:She felt the earth shaking under him.
    She was shaken with anger.
    quake---- 指较强烈的震动,如地震
    The building quaked on its foundation.
    tremble---- 指人由于寒冷、恐惧、不安等引起的身体的抖动或声音的颤抖
    例:Suddenly I saw her lips begin to tremble and tears begin to flow down her
    shiver---- 多指寒冷引起的颤抖、哆嗦
    例:A sudden gust of cold wind made me shiver.
    12. rise (rose—risen)---- vi, 上升;升起, 无被动语态
    give rise to 引起
    raise(raised—raised)---- vt, 举起;筹集;养育
    arise ( arose—arisen)----vt, 出现(常指问题或现象)
    13. injure---- 常指因意外事故造成的损伤,也可以指感情上名誉上的伤害
    例:He was injured in a car accident.
    harm---- 泛指“伤害,损害”,既可以指有生命的,也可以指无生命的
    例:He was afraid that his fury(暴怒) would harm the child.
    His business was harmed for some reason.
    hurt---- 既可以指肉体上的伤害,也可以指精神上的伤害
    例:She hurt her leg when she fell.
    He felt hurt at your word.
    wound---- 一般指枪伤、刀伤等在战场上受的伤
    例:The bullet wounded him in the arm.
    14. be prepared for …= make preparations for… 为…做准备
    15. in one’s honor 向…表示敬意;为纪念
    be/feel honored to do… 做…感到很荣幸
    16. make /give/deliver a speech 发言
    opening speech 开幕词
    17. give/ provide shelter to… 向…提供庇护所
    seek shelter from… 躲避
    18. happen to do sth. 偶然;碰巧
    happen ----指偶然发生
    take place----指事先计划好的事情发生
    1. The number of people who were killed or injured in the earthquake
reached more than 400,000.(定语从句)
    2. The army organized the rescue workers to dig out those who were trapped
and to bury the dead. (定语从句)
    3. All hope was not lost. = Not all hope was lost.(部分否定)
    4. None of us were allowed to go there.(全部否定)
    5. He rescued the man from drowning.
    6. An earthquake left the whole city in ruins.
    7. I feel highly honoured by your trust.
    8. Professor Yu organized his thoughts before giving the speech.
    9. Many people took shelter from the rain in the department store.
    10. It seemed that the world was at an end as the earthquake destroyed
nearly everything.
    11. People began to wonder how long the disaster would last.
    12. They used candles all the time instead of electricity.
    13. The one million people of the city, who thought little of these strange
events, went to bed as usual that night.(非限制性定语从句)
    14. We’d better prepare him for the bad news.
    15. The rubbish gave out a smelly gas.
    16. I am getting in touch with him right away.
    17. Are you willing to do public service work without pay?
    18. Do you easily lose heart when you are in trouble?
    1. 关系代词that的用法
    例:1)A plane is a machine that can fly. (指物,作主语)
    2)The noodles (that) I cooked were delicious. (指物,作宾语,可省略)
    3)Who is the man that is reading a book over there? (指人,作主语)
    4)The girl (that) we saw yesterday was Jim’s sister,(指人,作宾语,可省略)
    2. 关系代词which的用法
    例:1)They planted some trees which didn’t need much water. (作主语)
    2)The fish (which) we bought this morning were not fresh. (作宾语,可省略)
    3. 关系代词who,whom的用法
    关系代词who,whom 只能指人,在定语从句中分别作主语和宾语
    例:1)The foreigner who helped us yesterday is from USA.(作主语)
    2)The person to whom you just talked to is Mr. Li. (作宾语,可省略)
    4. 关系代词whose的用法
    例:1)This is the scientist whose name is known all over the world.
    2) The room whose window faces south is mine. (指物,作主语)
    3)He has written a book whose name I’ve forgotten. (指物,作宾语)
    5. 关系副词when的用法
    例:1)I’ll never forget the time when (=during which) we worked on the
    2) Do you remember the afternoon when (=on which) we first met three years
    6. 关系副词where在定语从句中的用法
    例:1)This is the place where( =at/in which) we first met.
    2) The hotel where (= in which ) we stayed wasn’t very clean.
    7. 关系副词why在定语从句中的用法
    例: 1). I didn’t get a pay rise, but this wasn’t the reason why(= for which)
I left.
    2). The reason why (=for which) he has late was that he missed the